Osteopathy may decrease obstructive apnea in infants: a pilot study

Osteopathy may have a positive influence on the incidence of obstructive apneas
during sleep in infants with a previous history of obstructive apneas as measured by
polysomnography : a pilot study
Yvan Vandenplas*, Etienne Denayer, Thierry Vandenbossche, Luc Vermet, Bruno Hauser, Jean DeSchepper and Agnes Engelen

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Abstract
Background: Obstructive apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing during.
Sleep: breathing is interrupted by a physical block to airflow despite effort. The purpose of this study was to test if osteopathy could influence the incidence of obstructive apnea during sleep in infants.
Methods: Thirty-four healthy infants (age: 1.5–4.0 months) were recruited and randomized in two groups; six infants dropped out. The osteopathy treatment group (n = 15 infants) received 2 osteopathic treatments in a period of 2 weeks and a control group (n = 13 infants) received 2 nonspecific treatments in the same period of time. The main outcome measure was the change in the number of obstructive apneas measured during an 8-hour polysomnographic recording before and after the two treatment sessions.
Results: The results of the second polysomnographic recordings showed a significant decrease in the number of obstructive apneas in the osteopathy group (p = 0.01, Wilcoxon test), in comparison to the control group showing only a trend suggesting a gradual physiologic decrease of obstructive apneas. However, the difference in the decline of obstructive apneas between the groups after treatment was not significant (p = 0.43).
Conclusion: Osteopathy may have a positive influence on the incidence of obstructive apneas during sleep in infants with a previous history of obstructive apneas as measured by polysomnography. Additional research in this area appears warranted.

Osteopathic Medicine and Primary Care 2008, 2:8 doi:10.1186/1750-4732-2-8

 

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